Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment
Black and Wiliam’s publication is a must read. Many articles reference this one.

Formative Assessment and
Next-Generation Assessment Systems:
Are We Losing an Opportunity?
by Margaret Heritage
Another important paper.

What is Formative Assessment
Short but clarifies the definition very well.

Conditions Under Which Assessment Supports Students’ Learning
Very comprehensive article. Well worth reading.

Formative Assessment Examples of Practice
Very Good Article

Shows examples of what is and what is not.

Wikipedia’s Formative Assessment Page
Great place to start from

The Concept of Formative Assessment
By Carol Boston

Attributes of Effective Formative Assessment
Council of Chief State School Officers’ (CCSSO)

The Quest for Quality (8 pages)
Educational Leadership
This article teaches how to find a balance and successfully estimate student achievement.

Formative Assessment: revisiting the territory (8 pages)
D. Royce Sadler
Formative assessment is “intended to provide feedback on learning performance to improve and accelerate learning”.

Linking Formative Assessment to

The Validity of Formative Assessments
By Terry Crooks

Assessment for Learning
Formative Assessment